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Performance improvement of plasmonic sensors using a combination of AC electrokinetic effects for (bio)target capture

Abstract : Analytes concentration techniques are being developed with the appealing expectation to boost the performance of biosensors. One promising method lies in the use of electrokinetic forces. We present hereafter a new design for a microstructured plasmonic sensor which is obtained by conventional microfabrication techniques, and which can easily be adapted on a classical surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRI) system without further significant modification. Dielectrophoretic trapping and electro‐osmotic displacement of the targets in the scanned fluid are performed through interdigitated 200 μm wide gold electrodes that also act as the SPR‐sensing substrate. We demonstrate the efficiency of our device's collection capabilities for objects of different sizes (200 nm and 1 μm PS beads, as well as 5–10 μm yeast cells). SPRI is relevant for the spatial analysis of the mass accumulation at the electrode surface. We demonstrate that our device overcomes the diffusion limit encountered in classical SPR sensors thanks to rapid collection capabilities (<1 min) and we show a consequent improvement of the detection limit, by a factor >300. This study of an original device combining SPRI and electrokinetic forces paves the way to the development of fully integrated active plasmonic sensors with direct applications in life sciences, electrochemistry, environmental monitoring and agri‐food industry.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02073261
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 17, 2020 - 4:02:44 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, February 10, 2021 - 11:24:03 AM

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Quentin Avenas, Julien Moreau, Marion Costella, Arbi Maalaoui, Abdelkader Souifi, et al.. Performance improvement of plasmonic sensors using a combination of AC electrokinetic effects for (bio)target capture. Electrophoresis, Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2019, 40, pp.1426 - 1435. ⟨10.1002/elps.201800436⟩. ⟨hal-02073261⟩

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