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Nanoparticle Taylor dispersion near charged surfaces with an open boundary

Abstract : The dispersion of microscopic particles in shear flows is influenced both by advection and thermal motion. At the nanoscale, the interactions between such particles and their confining boundaries, along with their size, cannot be neglected. Here, using evanescent-wave microscopy with sub-micrometric observation zones, we study the transport of charged nanoparticles in linear shear flows, near a charged, planar wall on one side, and an open, particle-consuming boundary on the other side where the particle leaves the observation zone. By varying the concentration of electrolytes, we show how electrostatic interactions between particles and surface affect dispersion. In addition, an absorption-like condition at the open boundary induces an exponential decay of the particle number, which alters the transport efficiency. The combination of these two effects reduces the overall dispersion by an order of magnitude, as captured by our theoretical model. Our findings might have implications in biological contexts as well as in technological devices based on the transport of confined diffusive objects at small scales.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03694008
Contributor : Alexandre Vilquin Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 14, 2022 - 4:17:01 PM
Last modification on : Friday, June 24, 2022 - 3:16:57 AM

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

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  • HAL Id : hal-03694008, version 1
  • ARXIV : 2206.07413

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Alexandre Vilquin, Vincent Bertin, Elie Raphaël, David S Dean, Thomas Salez, et al.. Nanoparticle Taylor dispersion near charged surfaces with an open boundary. 2022. ⟨hal-03694008⟩

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