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Proprietes et stabilite de l’interface isolant-pentacene dans les transistors organiques a effet de champ

Abstract : These recent years, Organic Field-Effect Transistor (OFET) development has significantly improved it performances and it stability. This was made possible, through a better understanding of the mechanisms governing charge transport in these devices. However, some phenomena remain unclear, in particular, at the interface between the semiconductor and the dielectric. Charge carrier trapping which is one of the main causes of charge transport disturbance in organic transistors, is one of them. So, this work aims to investigate such phenomena in pentacene-based transistors.Polar groups and particularly, hydroxyl groups, located at the insulator-semiconductor interface, are the main sources of charge carriers trapping in OFET. To prevent their presence, an OFET fabrication technology based on a passivating dielectric, poor of hydroxyl groups, calcium fluoride-based interfacial layer has been developed. Effect of this layer on pentacene-based transistors operation has been studied, as well as these devices aging under different storage atmosphere (in vacuum and in air) and under electrical stress.Thus, it has been highlighted that an interfacial layer of calcium fluoride with a too high thickness (around 5 nm) changes pentacene layer morphology which results in a quasi-disappearance of charge transport in pentacene in OFET configuration. Aging studies showed that under the effect of CaF2 interfacial layer, even with a very thin thickness (a few nanometers), a greater quantity of moisture is induced in pentacene layer probably due to the hygroscopic nature of calcium fluoride.
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Romain Macabies. Proprietes et stabilite de l’interface isolant-pentacene dans les transistors organiques a effet de champ. Autre. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Saint-Etienne, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011EMSE0628⟩. ⟨tel-00740173⟩

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