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Impression de silicium par procédé jet d’encre : des nanoparticules aux couches minces fonctionnelles pour applications photovoltaïques

Abstract : This study takes place in the frame of the Inxilicium project from the National Research Agency, which targets the fabrication of silicon thin film solar cells by inkjet-printing. Thanks to their specific properties, silicon nanoparticles are materials with strong potential for technological breakthroughs. Silicon nanoparticle-based inks made by different synthesis routes have been inkjet-printed on different substrates: quartz, metallic electrodes (aluminum, molybdenum) and transparent electrodes (ZnO:Al). Homogeneous and continuous thin films (from several hundreds of nm to some µm thick) have been obtained through optimization of the printing process, the ink/substrate interaction (via substrates surface energy tuning) and the drying step.A posteriori, an annealing step is mandatory for recovering of functional properties. By using nanoparticles with tailored surface physical chemistry, the sintering temperature decreases from 1100 °C to 600 °C. In order to allow the use of this material on flexible and low cost substrates, selective sintering (microwave and photonics) have been also evaluated.Thin film optical properties and electrode/silicon interfaces have been investigated with the purpose to integrate those layers into devices (solar cells…). Metallurgical evolution of Al-Si and Mo-Si physical interfaces has been studied by in situ XRD.This work allowed the fabrication of a PN junction with a photovoltaic behaviour under strong polarization voltage thanks to the development of an innovative thermal pasting process, which opens the way to the reduction of process thermal budget.
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Submitted on : Thursday, August 1, 2013 - 1:27:16 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00849862, version 1


Etienne Drahi. Impression de silicium par procédé jet d’encre : des nanoparticules aux couches minces fonctionnelles pour applications photovoltaïques. Autre. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Saint-Etienne, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013EMSE0685⟩. ⟨tel-00849862⟩



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