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Extending insertion electrochemistry to soluble layered halides with superconcentrated electrolytes

Abstract : Insertion compounds provide the fundamental basis of today’s commercialized Li-ion batteries. Throughout history, intense research has focused on the design of stellar electrodes mainly relying on layered oxides or sulfides, and leaving aside the corresponding halides because of solubility issues. This is no longer true. In this work, we show the feasibility of reversibly intercalating Li+ electrochemically into VX3 compounds (X = Cl, Br, I) via the use of superconcentrated electrolytes (5 M LiFSI in dimethyl carbonate), hence opening access to a family of LixVX3 phases. Moreover, through an electrolyte engineering approach, we unambiguously prove that the positive attribute of superconcentrated electrolytes against the solubility of inorganic compounds is rooted in a thermodynamic rather than a kinetic effect. The mechanism and corresponding impact of our findings enrich the fundamental understanding of superconcentrated electrolytes and constitute a crucial step in the design of novel insertion compounds with tunable properties for a wide range of applications including Li-ion batteries and beyond
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 2, 2021 - 2:50:30 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 17, 2021 - 12:32:46 PM


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Nicolas Dubouis, Thomas Marchandier, Gwenaelle Rousse, Florencia Marchini, François Fauth, et al.. Extending insertion electrochemistry to soluble layered halides with superconcentrated electrolytes. Nature Materials, Nature Publishing Group, In press, ⟨10.1038/s41563-021-01060-w⟩. ⟨hal-03332137⟩



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