Adapted generalized lifting schemes for scalable lossless image coding

Abstract : Still image coding occasionally uses linear predictive coding together with multi-resolution decompositions, as may be found in several papers. Those related approaches do not take into account all the information available at the decoder in the prediction stage. In this paper, we introduce an adapted generalized lifting scheme in which the predictor is built upon two filters, leading to taking advantage of all this available information. With this structure included in a multi-resolution decomposition framework, we study two kinds of adaptation based on least squares estimation, according to different assumptions, which are either a global or a local second order stationarity of the image. The efficiency in lossless coding of these decompositions is shown on synthetic images and their performances are compared with those of well-known codecs (S+P, JPEG-LS, JPEG2000, CALIC) on actual images. Four images' families are distinguished: natural, MRI medical, satellite and textures associated with fingerprints. On natural and medical images, the performances of our codecs do not exceed those of classical codecs. Now for satellite images and textures, they present a slightly noticeable (about 0.05 to 0.08 bpp) coding gain compared to the others that permit a progressive coding in resolution, but with a greater coding time.
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Hocine Bekkouche, Michel Barret, Jacques Oksman. Adapted generalized lifting schemes for scalable lossless image coding. Signal Processing, Elsevier, 2008, Vol. 88 ((11)), pp.2790-2808. ⟨10.1016/j.sigpro.2008.06.003⟩. ⟨hal-00287898⟩

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