U. Rau and H. W. Schock, Clean Electrcity From Photovoltaics, p.322, 2001.

D. Guimard, « Efficient CIGS solar cells prepared by electrodeposition, Proc. 3rd World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conversion, 2003.

. Sm-sze, Physics of Semiconductor Devices, 1981.

W. Shockley-;-d.-van-nostrand and N. J. Princeton, Electrons and Holes in Semiconductors, 1950.

W. Shockley, W. T. Read-;-r, and . Hall, Phys. Rev, vol.87, 1952.