Classification of Tensors and Fiber Tracts Using Mercer-Kernels Encoding Soft Probabilistic Spatial and Diffusion Information

Abstract : In this paper, we present a kernel-based approach to the clustering of diffusion tensors and fiber tracts. We propose to use a Mercer kernel over the tensor space where both spatial and diffusion information are taken into account. This kernel highlights implicitly the connectivity along fiber tracts. Tensor segmentation is performed using kernel-PCA compounded with a landmark-Isomap embedding and k-means clustering. Based on a soft fiber representation, we extend the tensor kernel to deal with fiber tracts using the multi-instance kernel that reflects not only interactions between points along fiber tracts, but also the interactions between diffusion tensors. This unsupervised method is further extended by way of an atlas-based registration of diffusion-free images, followed by a classification of fibers based on nonlinear kernel Support Vector Machines (SVMs). Promising experimental results of tensor and fiber classification of the human skeletal muscle over a significant set of healthy and diseased subjects demonstrate the potential of our approach.
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Radhouène Neji, Nikolaos Paragios, Gilles Fleury, Jean-Philippe Thiran, Georg Langs. Classification of Tensors and Fiber Tracts Using Mercer-Kernels Encoding Soft Probabilistic Spatial and Diffusion Information. IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, Jun 2009, Miami Beach, United States. pp.2168-2175. ⟨hal-00424513⟩

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