An ensemble approach to sensor fault detection and signal reconstruction for nuclear system control

Abstract : To efficiently control a process, accurate sensor measurements must be provided of the signals used by the controller to decide which actions to actuate in order to maintain the system in the desired conditions. Noisy or faulty sensors must, then, be promptly detected and their signals corrected in order to avoid wrong control decisions. In this work, sensor diagnostics is tackled within an ensemble of Principal Component Analysis (PCA) models whose outcomes are aggregated by means of a local fusion (LF) strategy. The aggregated model thereby obtained is used for both the early detection and identification of faulty sensors, and for correcting their measured values. The fault detection decision logic is based on the Sequential Probability Ratio Test (SPRT). The proposed approach is demonstrated on a simulated case study concerning the pressure and level control in the pressurizer of a Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR). The obtained results show the possibility to achieve an adequate control of the process even when a sensor failure occurs.
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Piero Baraldi, Antonio Cammi, Francesca Mangili, Enrico Zio. An ensemble approach to sensor fault detection and signal reconstruction for nuclear system control. Annals of Nuclear Energy, Elsevier Masson, 2010, 37 (6), pp.778-790. ⟨10.1016/j.anucene.2010.03.002⟩. ⟨hal-00609152⟩

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