On the Impact of Shadowing on the Performance of Cooperative Medium Access Control Protocols

Abstract : Accurate representation of the physical layer is instrumental for a sound design and optimization of Medium Access Control (MAC) protocols for cooperative wireless networks. However, the vast majority of MAC protocols are designed and analyzed by considering simplified physical layer and channel models, which often lead to too optimistic performance predictions. In particular, even though many experimental activities have showcased the important role played by shadow-fading, most protocols are designed and evaluated by taking into account only the transmission distance (circular coverage model) or only the fast-fading. Motivated by the proved unsuitability of these models, the contribution of this paper is threefold: i) we provide important considerations on how to adequately include the effect of shadowing into the design of MAC protocols for cooperative networks; ii) we provide an analytical framework to determine the subset of active relays in order to meet a given Quality-of-Service (QoS) requirement; and iii) we study, through analysis and simulation, the performance of a promising MAC protocol for cooperative networks, which is called Persistent Relay Carrier Sensing Multiple Access (PRCSMA), by explicitly taking into account the effect of shadowing. Our study shows that shadowing can dramatically change system and protocol performance.
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Marco Di Renzo, Jesus Alonso Zarate, Alonso Luis, Christos Verikoukis. On the Impact of Shadowing on the Performance of Cooperative Medium Access Control Protocols. GLOBECOM 2011, Dec 2011, Houston, United States. pp.1-6, 2011. 〈hal-00661332〉

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