A Noniterative Method for Locating Soft Faults in Complex Wire Networks

Layane Abboud 1 Andrea Cozza 1 Lionel Pichon 2
1 DRE - Département de Recherche en Electromagnétisme ; EMG - Département Electromagnétisme - L2S
L2S - Laboratoire des signaux et systèmes : 1289, SUPELEC-Campus Gif
2 ICHAMS - Equipe Interaction Champs - Matériaux et Structures
LGEP - Laboratoire de génie électrique de Paris
Abstract : Reflectometry-based methods are the standard choice for fault detection techniques in wire networks. While effective when dealing with simple networks and relatively hard faults, their results can be of more difficult interpretation if a network presents more than two branches. In this paper we propose the use of an alternative technique based on a coherent multi-port characterization of a network under test. The data thus collected are used to define excitation signals that will be focusing over the position of a fault, following a method already successfully applied in geophysical prospection techniques and non-destructive testing, namely the DORT method, based on the synthesis of time-reversed signals. It is shown that a direct transposition of this technique to wire networks is not possible, due to the guided nature of wave propagation in wire networks, leading to the impossibility of assuming a dominant direction of propagation, as opposed to the case of propagation in open media. A differential version of the DORT method is introduced, enabling an accurate identification of the original position of faults. Numerical and experimental results are presented to demonstrate the feasibility of this approach.
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Layane Abboud, Andrea Cozza, Lionel Pichon. A Noniterative Method for Locating Soft Faults in Complex Wire Networks. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2013, 62 (3), pp.1010-1019. ⟨10.1109/TVT.2013.2237796⟩. ⟨hal-00769214⟩

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