Study of traps in P3HT:PCBM based organic solar cells using fractional thermally stimulated current technique

Abstract : Thermally Stimulated Current (TSC) measurement, well known technique for trap level detection, was applied to derive the density of occupied states in organic solar cells. The device structure is Glass/ITO/P3HT:PCBM/Al. Analysis of the TSC spectra allows to determine the Fermi level position from the edge of the nearest band (LUMO or HOMO) (~ 0.42 eV). At that time, TSC peaks cannot be evaluated due to multiple traps that contribute to the current signal. In order to achieve a rough picture of the trap structure, Fractional TSC (FTSC) method was applied. The procedure is based on multiple temperature cycles which evaluate activation energies for different ranges of temperatures. The results reveal several plateaus, pointing out the presence of four trap levels (0.12 eV, 0.16 eV, 0.20 eV and 0.35 eV). Additionally, a curve-fitting procedure is done in order to characterize the trap parameters and achieved with five trap levels (0.059 eV, 0.12 eV, 0.14 eV, 0.20 eV and 0.35 eV) in Gaussian or exponential distribution. Four of them are in complete agreement with measured FTSC ones. Those results are very well correlated with our other characterizations by Admittance Spectroscopy (AS). The results presented here show that, in spite of the chemical differences between inorganic materials and conjugated polymers, FTCS technique can still be applied to determine the density of occupied states in these materials, as long as care is taken. Polymers are low-mobility materials with large concentrations of deep impurities.
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Submitted on : Monday, January 21, 2013 - 3:44:18 PM
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Peiqing Yu, Anne Migan-Dubois, José Alvarez, Arouna Darga, Virginie Vissac, et al.. Study of traps in P3HT:PCBM based organic solar cells using fractional thermally stimulated current technique. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Elsevier, 2012, 358 (17), pp.2537-2540. ⟨10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2012.01.021⟩. ⟨hal-00778958⟩

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