Redirected charge transport arising from diazonium grafting of carbon coated LiFePO4

Abstract : The morphological and the electrical properties of carbon coated LiFePO4 (LFPC) active material functionalized by 4-ethynylbenzene tetrafluoroboratediazonium salt were investigated. For this purpose, FTIR, Raman, XPS, High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HRTEM) and Broadband Dielectric Spectroscopy (BDS) were considered. Electronic conductivities of LFPC samples at room temperature were found to decrease in a large frequency range upon simple immersion in polar solvents and to decrease further upon functionalization. Due to their high dipole moment, strongly physisorbed molecules detected by XPS likely add barriers to electron hopping. Significant alteration of the carbon coating conductivity was only observed, however, upon functionalization. This effect is most presumably associated with an increase in the sp3 content determined by Raman spectroscopy, which is a strong indication of the formation of a covalent bond between the organic layer and the carbon coating. In this case, the electron flux appears to be redirected and relayed by short-range (intra chain) and long-range (inter chain) electron transport through molecular oligomers anchored at the LFPC surface. The latter are controlled by tunnelling and slightly activated hopping, which enable higher conductivity at low temperature (T < 250 K). Alteration of the electron transport within the carbon coating also allows detection of a relaxation phenomenon that corresponds to small polaron hopping in bulk LiFePO4. XPS and HRTEM images allow a clear correlation of these findings with the island type oligomeric structure of grafted molecules.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
ChemPhysChem, Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2014, 16 (41), pp.22745-22753. 〈10.1039/C4CP03174A〉
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Contributeur : Thierry Leblanc <>
Soumis le : mardi 16 décembre 2014 - 11:06:17
Dernière modification le : mercredi 11 juillet 2018 - 18:06:05

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L. Madec, K. A. Seid, J.-C. Badot, Bernard Humbert, P. Moreau, et al.. Redirected charge transport arising from diazonium grafting of carbon coated LiFePO4. ChemPhysChem, Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2014, 16 (41), pp.22745-22753. 〈10.1039/C4CP03174A〉. 〈hal-01095778〉

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