A hierarchical variational Bayesian approximation approach in acoustic imaging

Abstract : Acoustic imaging is a powerful technique for acoustic source localization and power reconstruction from limited noisy measurements at microphone sensors. But it inevitably con-fronts a very ill-posed inverse problem which causes unexpected solution uncertainty. Recently, the Bayesian inference methods using sparse priors have been effectively investigated. In this paper, we propose to use a hierarchical variational Bayesian approximation for robust acoustic imaging. And we explore the Student-t priors with heavy tails to enforce source sparsity, and to model non-Gaussian noise respectively. Compared to conventional methods, the proposed approach can achieve the higher spatial resolution and wider dynamic range of source powers for real data from automo-bile wind tunnel.
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Ning Chu, Ali Mohammad-Djafari, Nicolas Gac, José Picheral. A hierarchical variational Bayesian approximation approach in acoustic imaging. 34th International Workshop on Bayesian Inference and Maximun Entropy Methods in Science and Engineering (MaxEnt'14), Sep 2014, Amboise, France. pp.572 - 579, ⟨10.1063/1.4906024⟩. ⟨hal-01103784⟩

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