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Effect of microwave remote plasma and radiofrequency plasma on the photoluminescence of (0001) epitaxial ZnO films

Abstract : Photoluminescence of (0001) epitaxial ZnO films with thicknesses of 10, 30 and 100 nm on C-sapphire substrates have been studied at room temperature and after exposure to Ar, Ar–O2, Ar–N2 and Ar–H by remote microwave and radiofrequency plasmas. The photoluminescence are not modified by remote plasma treatments where only neutral species were involved. On the contrary, the photoluminescence signal is enhanced or quenched after radiofrequency plasma treatments when energetic ion species are involved in the surface treatment processes. Little changes of electric properties are observed, however, the optical transmission indicates that the absorption edge and probably also the index of refraction are affected. Photoluminescence peak shifts, widths and intensities changes show very strong similarities with polarized emission of ZnO single crystal where it exists a strong dichroism. The photoluminescence emission properties may then result from this optical modification. However, the plasma treatments on the different samples show very low stability in time, except, for the treatment in argon plasma alone. In this later case, in-situ monitoring of photoluminescence as a function of temperature revealed a partial recovery of the photoluminescence properties after a heat treatment at 400 °C for few minutes. These results indicate that photoluminescence of (0001) ZnO thin film, related to σ-emission polarized emission from c-axis polar surfaces, is highly affected by surface and implanted charged species.
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Contributor : Sébastien van Luchene <>
Submitted on : Friday, January 23, 2015 - 8:42:43 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 8, 2020 - 4:02:45 PM



Samuel Margueron, Solène Ropers, Alban Maertens, Ouarda Legrani, Frédéric Genty, et al.. Effect of microwave remote plasma and radiofrequency plasma on the photoluminescence of (0001) epitaxial ZnO films. Materials Chemistry and Physics, Elsevier, 2014, 147 (3), pp.623-628. ⟨10.1016/j.matchemphys.2014.05.040⟩. ⟨hal-01108555⟩



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