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Investigation on propagation and radiation for body-centric applications

Abstract : The aging of population and the increase in medical costs have brought a lot of innovations in the medical domain. One of them is the use of wireless sensors that are located in, on, or around the human body to monitor patient’s physiological signs. Due to the nature of the transmitted data, high data security is one of the most essential requirements in the system. The first objective of this thesis is to improve the communication security between on-body sensors with a novel transmission mechanism that uses human skin as a transmission medium and confines the surface-wave signal inside the skin. Transverse resonance method (TRM) is used to numerically analyze existing modes within the human body model. Confinement capabilities as well as propagation losses are investigated for frequencies up to 60 GHz. It should be noted that the developed TRM-based dispersion analysis code is the core work of this thesis and is used throughout all the main analysis in this thesis. Another innovation in the medical domain can be referred to the non-contact sensor-less remote medical monitoring using Doppler radar. Leaky-wave antennas are good candidatures for such applications due to their frequency-depending beam scanning properties. A fast scanning is desired in order to cover a large angular range with a given operation frequency bandwidth. Consequently, in the second part of this thesis, an original TRM-procedure-based design is proposed to increase the frequency dispersion of the guiding structure, which uses a grounded dielectric slab covered by a metasurface. Using this enhanced dispersion, a periodic leaky-wave antenna is designed and simulated in the 60 GHz band.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 28, 2020 - 12:27:34 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 21, 2022 - 3:29:45 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02950845, version 1


Qiang Zhang. Investigation on propagation and radiation for body-centric applications. Electromagnetism. Sorbonne Université, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019SORUS408⟩. ⟨tel-02950845⟩



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